Man Pages - Manpage for locateMan Pages - Manpage for locate

Posted May 26th, 2004 in Man Pages (Updated June 15th, 2004)

man page for the unix linux bsd command locate

NAME

locate - list files in databases that match a pattern

SYNOPSIS

locate [-d path | --database=path] [-e | --existing] [-i | --ignore-case ] [--version] [--help] pattern...

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents the GNU version of locate. For each given pattern, locate searches one or more databases of file names and displays the file names that contain the pattern. Patterns can contain shell-style metacharacters: `*', `?', and `[]'. The metacharacters do not treat `/' or `.' specially. Therefore, a pattern `foo*bar' can match a file name that contains `foo3/bar', and a pattern `*duck*' can match a file name that contains `lake/.ducky'. Patterns that contain metacharacters should be quoted to protect them from expansion by the shell.

If a pattern is a plain string -- it contains no metacharacters -- locate displays all file names in the database that contain that string anywhere. If a pattern does contain metacharacters, locate only displays file names that match the pattern exactly. As a result, patterns that contain metacharacters should usually begin with a `*', and will most often end with one as well. The exceptions are patterns that are intended to explicitly match the beginning or end of a file name.

The file name databases contain lists of files that were on the system when the databases were last updated. The system administrator can choose the file name of the default database, the frequency with which the databases are updated, and the directories for which they contain entries; see updatedb(1L).

OPTIONS

-d path, --database=path

Instead of searching the default file name database, search the file name databases in path, which is a colon-separated list of database file names. You can also use the environment variable LOCATE_PATH to set the list of database files to search. The option overrides the environment variable if both are used.

The file name database format changed starting with GNU find and locate version 4.0 to allow machines with diffent byte orderings to share the databases. This version of locate can automatically recognize and read databases produced for older versions of GNU locate or Unix versions of locate or find.

-e, --existing

Only print out such names that currently exist (instead of such names that existed when the database was created). Note that this may slow down the program a lot, if there are many matches in the database.

-i, --ignore-case

Ignore case distinctions in both the pattern and the file names.

--help Print a summary of the options to locate and exit.

--version

Print the version number of locate and exit.

ENVIRONMENT

LOCATE_PATH

Colon-separated list of databases to search.

SEE ALSO

find(1L), locatedb(5L), updatedb(1L), xargs(1L) Finding Files (on-line in Info, or printed)

This manual page was generated by The Electric Toolbox using SuSE Linux Professional 9.0